CURRICULUM VITAE 15th April 2019

Michael J. Russell, BSc., PhD.

Planetary Chemistry and Astrobiology
Section 3225,
Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Now working remotely from
Via Giacomo Leopardi 3
Rho, MI20017
Lombardy, Italy
1973 Ph.D. Geochemistry/Ore Geology – University of Durham, England
1963 B.Sc. Geology/Petrology (+ 2 years chemistry, 1 year physics) University of London

Positions held
2019- Remote research scientist, JPL, NASA, NAI Icy Wolds
2016-2019 Principal Scientist, NASA, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
2013-2018 Supervisor, Planetary Chemistry and Astrobiology Group, NASA, JPL
2010-2019 Research Scientist V, NASA/JPL/California Institute of Technology, USA
2006-2009 NASA Senior Research Fellow, JPL/California Institute of Technology, USA
2005-2011 Distinguished Visiting Scientist, JPL/California Institute of Technology, USA
2004-2005 CNRS Professor, University of Grenoble, France
1999-2004 Dixon Chair of Research, Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
1990-1999 Professor of Applied Geology, Glasgow University, Glasgow, Scotland
1983-1989 Departmental Chair & Professor, Applied Geology Department, Strathclyde University
1971-1971 Lecturer, Department of Geology, Legon, Accra, Ghana
1969-1983 Lecturer, Reader, Applied Geology Department, Strathclyde University, Glasgow
1965-1965 Geologist (party chief), Falconbridge Nickel Mines, Canada
1963-1965 British United Nations Association Geologist, Geological Survey, Solomon Islands
1958-1959 Works Chemist Improver, Howards of Ilford Limited, London, England

Recent Awards
2018 NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal
2016 JPL Discovery Award
2015 NASA Honours Group Award, Icy Worlds
2009 William Smith Medal, Geological Society of London, Contributions
to Applied Geology

Secondments and Sabbaticals
Ethiopian Government, carbonate assessment, 1973;
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, 1976;
University of Tasmania, Hobart, 1980;
Washington University, St Louis and Oregon State University, Corvallis, 1992;
Waikato University, Hamilton, New Zealand, 1993)

Recent Public Contributions
2019 30/80 meeting: alkaline vents 30th; Mike Russell's 80th, Granada, Spain
2018 Invited talk to the ESA’s Ocean Worlds Conference, Berne, Switzerland
2017 Member, (2017) Europa Lander Science Definition Team: see Report at JPL D-97667, NASA, Washington, DC.
2017 Keynote, NASA/ESA Conference on Adaptive Hardware and Systems (AHS)
2017 Invited public lecture, “How life began”, University of St Andrews, Scotland
2017 Opening lecture, Geomicrobiology, Microbiology Society Annual Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland.
2016 Keynote address, RIKEN, Hirosawa, Japan
2016 Keynote Addresses, Earth and Life Sciences Institute, Tokyo
2016 Science Definition Team (SDT) Member for a Europa lander mission, NASA.
2016 Keynote Address, Goldschmidt conference 2016, Yokohama
2016 Klepser Distinguished Lecture, University of Tennessee
2016 Keynote Address, Keck School of Medicine, USC
2014 NASA Nationwide with Dr Mike Russell,
2014 Keynote address, Goldschmidt conference 2014, Serpentinization and Life
2014 Linus Pauling Memorial Lecture, Portland
2013 The Search for the Origin of Life, Montana PBS Film
2012-4 National Academies Standing Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Sciences
2012 Opening Lecture, Royal Society of London, Energy Transduction and Genome Function
2012 NASA Astrobiology Educator Workshop: Exploring the Origin of Life, Georgia Tech
2012 NASA funded film “Life Quickens” by Danny Shmidt,
2012 Lars G. Ljungdahl lecture, Beating the Wood-Ljungdahl Pathway to the Origin of Life, University of Georgia
2011 Foundational Questions Institute (FQXi) “Setting Time Aright”, Bergen, Norway
2011 Royal Swedish Academy, “Origin of Life and Molecular Evolution”, Stockholm, Sweden
2011-2 Convener, NAI’s Thermodynamics, Disequilibrium and Evolution
2010 Plenary speaker at the IEEE annual meeting, Montana
2009 TEDx Art & Science LA – Dynamic emergent structures in Art and Science
2010 Panel member, World Science Festival, “Search for Life in the Universe”, New York
2009 Nature, research feature in 459, 316-319 (Whitfield; Nascence Man)
2009 Der Spiegel 11th June, 122-124 (Motor des Lebens)
2000 BBC HORIZON (Life on Mars) Main funding sources since 2006 (apart from RTDs)
2006-9 NASA Senior Research Scientist
2009-15 NAI, Astrobiology of Icy Worlds: Habitability, Survivability, Detectability, Co-I ~$8M
2015-20 NAI, Icy Worlds: Astrobiology at the Water-Rock Interface & Beyond, depute PI~$8M


- Barge, L. M., Flores, E., Baum, M. M., VanderVelde, D. G., & Russell, M. J. (2019).
Redox and pH gradients drive amino acid synthesis in iron oxyhydroxide mineral systems.
Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 116:4828-4833.

- Stamenkovi?, V. and 50 others including Russell M.J. (2019).
The next frontier for planetary and human exploration.
Nature Astronomy, 1.

- Branscomb, E., Russell M.J. (2018)
Why the Submarine Alkaline Vent is the Most Reasonable Explanation for the Emergence of Life.
BioEssays, 41, 1800208.

- Yung, Y. L. and 37 others including Russell M.J. (2018).
Methane on Mars and Habitability: Challenges and Responses.
Astrobiology 18:1221-1242

- Baymann F., Schoepp-Cothenet, B., Duval, S., Guiral, M., Brugna, M., Baffert, C., Russell, M.J., and Nitschke, W. (2018)
On the natural history of flavin-based electron bifurcation.
Frontiers Microbiol. 9, 1357.

- Russell, M.J., (2018)
Green rust: The simple organizing ‘seed’ of all life?
Life, 8, 35; doi:10.3390/life8030035

- Branscomb, E., Russell M.J. (2018)
Frankenstein or a submarine alkaline vent: Who is responsible for abiogenesis? Part 1: What is life - that it might create itself?
BioEssays 40(7) 1700179

- Branscomb, E., Russell M.J. (2018)
Frankenstein or a submarine alkaline vent: Who is responsible for abiogenesis?
Part 2: As life is now, so it must have been in the beginning.
BioEssays 40(8)

- Russell, M.J., Hand, K.P., and Murray, A.E. (2017)
The possible emergence of life and differentiation of a shallow biosphere on irradiated icy worlds: The example of Europa.
Astrobiology 17:1265-1273.

- Russell, M.J., and Nitschke, W. (2017)
Methane: Fuel or exhaust at the emergence of life.
Astrobiology 17:1053-1066.

- Russell, M.J. (2017)
Life is a verb, not a noun.
Geology 45: 1143–1144

- Wong, M.L., Charnay, B.D., Gao, P., Yung, Y.L., and Russell, M.J. (2017).
Nitrogen oxides in early Earth’s atmosphere as electron acceptors for life’s emergence.
Astrobiology 17:975-983.

- Branscomb, E., Biancalani, T., Goldenfeld, N., and Russell M.J. (2017)
Escapement mechanisms and the conversion of disequilibria: The engines of creation.
Physics Reports 677:1-60 .

- Duval, S., Santini, J.M., Lemaire, D., Chaspoul, F., Russell, M.J., Grimaldi, S., Nitschke, W., Schoepp-Cothenet, B. (2016)
The H-bond network surrounding the pyranopterins modulates redox cooperativity in the molybdenum-bisPGD cofactor in arsenite oxidase.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenergetics, 1857, 1353–1362.

- Russell, M.J. (2016)
Adding (Thermo) dynamic Aspects to Definitions of Life.
In Evolution and Transitions in Complexity (pp. 199-202). Springer International Publishing.

- Shibuya T, Russell, MJ, Takai K. (2016)
Free energy distribution and hydrothermal mineral precipitation in Hadean submarine alkaline vent systems;
Importance of iron redox reactions under anoxic conditions.
Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 175, 1-19.

- Russell, M.J. (2015)
Emergence of Life and Its Early History,
Ehrlich’s Geomicrobiology, Ehrlich, H., Newman, D., Kappler, A. editors, Sixth Edition, CRC Press, pp.19–54:

- Barge, L. M., Abedian, Y., Doloboff, I. J., Nuñez, J. E., Russell, M. J., Kidd, R. D., & Kanik, I. (2015).
Chemical Gardens as Flow-through Reactors Simulating Natural Hydrothermal Systems.
Journal of visualized experiments: JoVE, (105).

- Barge, L.M., Cardoso, S.S.S., Cartwright, J.H.E., Cooper, G.J.T., Cronin, L., De Wit, A., Doloboff, I.J., Escribano, B., Goldstein, R.E., Haudin, F.,
Jones, D.E.H., Mackay, A.L., Maselko, J., Pagano, J.J., Pantaleone, J., Russell, M.J., Sainz-Díaz, C.I., Steinbock, O., Stone, D.A., Tanimoto, Y., Thomas, N.L. (2015)
From Chemical Gardens to Chemobrionics.
Chemical Reviews 115, 8652–8703.

- White, L.M., Bhartia, R., Stucky, G.D., Kanik, I., Russell, M.J. (2015)
Mackinawite and greigite in ancient alkaline hydrothermal chimneys: Identifying potential key catalysts for emergent life.
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 430, 105–114.

- Burcar, B. T., Barge, L. M., Trail, D., Watson, E. B., Russell, M. J., & McGown, L. B. (2015).
RNA Oligomerization in Laboratory Analogues of Alkaline Hydrothermal Vent Systems.
Astrobiology 15, 509-522.

- Russell, M.J. (2015)
How the first ligand-accelerated autocatalytic cycle gave an evolutionary trajectory to emergent life.
Astrobiology Science Conference 2015, #7115.

- Barge, L.M., Abedian, Y., Russell, M.J., Doloboff, I.J., Cartwright, J.H.E., Kidd, R.D., Kanik, I. (2015).
From chemical gardens to fuel cells: Generation of electrical potential and current across self-assembling iron mineral membranes.
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 54, 8184–8187.

- Russell, M.J., Barge, L.M., Bhartia, R., Bocanegra, D., Bracher, P.J., Branscomb, E., Kidd, R., McGlynn, S.E., Meier, D.H., Nitschke, W., Shibuya, T., Vance, S., White, L., & Kanik, I. (2014).
The drive to life on wet and icy worlds.
Astrobiology 14, 308-343.

- Ducluzeau, A. L., Schoepp-Cothenet, B., van Lis, R., Baymann, F., Russell, M. J., & Nitschke, W. (2014).
The evolution of respiratory O2/NO reductases: an out-of-the-phylogenetic-box perspective.
J. R. Soc. Interface, 11, 20140196; doi: 10.1098/rsif.2014.0196

- Ducluzeau, A-L., Schoepp-Cothenet, B., Baymann, F., Russell, M.J. & Nitschke, W. 2014,
Free energy conversion in the LUCA: Quo vadis? Biochim. Biophys. Acta,
Bioenergetics, 1837, 982-988.

- Barge, L.M., Doloboff, I.J., Russell, M.J., VanderVelde, D., White, L.M., Stucky, G.D., Baum, M.M., Zeytounian, J., Kidd, R., & Kanik. I. 2014,
Pyrophosphate synthesis in iron mineral films and membranes simulating prebiotic submarine hydrothermal precipitates.
Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 128, 1-12.

- Shibuya, T., Tahata, M., Ueno, Y., Komiya, T., Takai, K., Yoshida, N., Maruyama, S., & Russell, M. J. (2013).
Decrease of seawater CO2 concentration in the Late Archean: An implication from 2.6 Ga seafloor hydrothermal alteration.
Precambrian Research, 236, 59-64.

- Shibuya, T., Yoshizaki, M., Masaki, Y., Suzuki, K., Takai, K., & Russell, M. J. (2013).
Reactions between basalt and CO2-rich seawater at 250 and 350° C, 500bars:
Implications for the CO2 sequestration into the modern oceanic crust and the composition of hydrothermal vent fluid in the CO2-rich early ocean.
Chemical Geology, 359, 1-9.

- Russell, M.J., Nitschke, W. & Branscomb, E. 2013,
The inevitable journey to being.
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci., 368, 20120254.

- Nitschke, W. & Russell, M.J. 2013,
Beating the acetyl coenzyme-A pathway to the origin of life.
Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 368, 20120,

- Nitschke, W., McGlynn, S.E., Milner-White, E.J., & Russell, M.J., 2013,
On the antiquity of metalloenzymes and their substrates in bioenergetics.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenergetics, 1827, 871-881.

- Branscomb, E. & Russell, M.J. 2013,
Turnstiles and bifurcators: the disequilibrium converting engines that put metabolism on the road.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenergetics 1827, 62-78.

- Schoepp-Cothenet, B., van Lis, R., Atteia, A., Baymann, F., Capowiez, L., Ducluzeau, A-L., Duval, S., ten Brink, F., Russell, M.J. & Nitschke, W. 2013
On the universal core of bioenergetics.
Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenergetics, 1827, 79-93. 5

- Barge, L.M., Doloboff, I.J., White, L.M., Russell, M.J., Kanik, I. 2012,
Characterization of Iron-Phosphate-Silicate Chemical Garden Structures.
Langmuir, 28, 3714–3721.

- McGlynn, S.E., Kanik, I., Russell, M.J. 2012,
Modification of simulated hydrothermal iron sulfide chimneys by RNA and peptides.
Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A Phys. Sci. 370, 3007-3022.

- Schoepp-Cothenet, B., van Lis, R., Philippot, P., Magalon. A., Russell, M.J. and Nitschke, W. (2012).
The ineluctable requirement for the trans-iron elements molybdenum and/or tungsten in the origin of life.
Scientific Reports, 2 :263 DOI :10.1038.

- Nitschke, W., Russell, M.J. 2011,
Redox bifurcations; how they work and what they mean to extant life and (potentially) to its inorganic roots.
BioEssays, 34, 106–109.

- Simoncini, E., Russell, M.J., Kleidon, A. 2011,
Modeling free energy availability from Hadean Hydrothermal Systems to the first metabolism.
Origins Life Evol. Bios., 41, 529-532.

- Milner-White, E.J., Russell, M.J. 2011,
A peptide era heralding the emergence of life.
Genes 2, 671-688

- Mielke, R.E., Robinson, K.J., White, L.M., McGlynn, S.E., McEachern, K., Bhartia, R., Kanik, I., Russell, M.J. 2011,
Iron-sulfide-bearing chimneys as potential catalytic energy traps at life’s emergence.
Astrobiology, 11, 933-950.

- Schoepp-Cothenet, B., Nitschke, W., Barge, L.M., Ponce, A., Russell, M.J. and Tsapin, A.I. 2011,
A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus.
Science, 332, 1149, DOI: 10.1126/science.1201438

- Russell, M.J. 2011,
The origin of life.
In Encyclopaedia of Geobiology, Reitner, J and Thiel, V. Singer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 701-716.

- Russell, M.J. (editor) 2011,
Origins, Abiogenesis and the search for Life. Cosmology Science Publishers, Cambridge, MA, pp. 487.

- Mielke, R.E., Russell, M.J., Wilson, P.R., McGlynn, S., Coleman, M., Kidd, R. & Kanik, I. 2010,
Design, Fabrication and Test of a Hydrothermal Reactor for Origin Of Life Experiments,
Astrobiology, 10, 799-810.

- Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J. and Martin, W. 2010,
Serpentinization and its contribution to the energy for the emergence of life.
Geobiology, 8, 355-371.

- Russell, M.J. 2010
The hazy details of early Earth’s atmosphere.
Science, 330, 754.

- Milner-White, E.J. and Russell, M.J. 2010,
Polyphosphate-Peptide Synergy and the Organic Takeover at the Emergence of Life.
Journal of Cosmology, 10, 3217-3229.

- Nitschke, W. and Russell, M.J. (2010).
Just Like the Universe the Emergence of Life had High Enthalpy and Low Entropy Beginnings.
Journal of Cosmology, 10, 3200-3216.

- Yung, Y.L., Russell M.J., Parkinson, C.ahnaD. 2010,
The search for life on Mars.
Journal of Cosmology, 5, 1121-1130.

- Russell, M.J., Kanik, I. 2010,
Why Does Life Start, What Does It Do, Where Will It Be, And How Might We Find It?
Journal of Cosmology, 5, 1008-1039.

- Russell, M.J. and Hall, A.J. 2009,
A hydrothermal source of energy and materials at the origin of life.
In "Chemical Evolution II: From Origins of Life to Modern Society". American Chemical Society, pp. 45-62.

- Nitschke, W. and Russell, M.J. 2009,
Hydrothermal focusing of chemical and chemiosmotic energy, supported by delivery of catalytic Fe, Ni, Mo/W, Co, S and Se, forced life to emerge.
Journal Molecular Evolution 69, 481-496.

- Ducluzeau, A-L, van Lis R., Duval S., Schoepp-Cothenet B., Russell, M.J., Nitschke W. 2009,
Was nitric oxide the first strongly oxidizing terminal electron sink.
Trends in Biochemical Sciences 34, 9-15.

- Martin, W., Baross, J., Kelley, D., Russell M.J. 2008,
Hydrothermal vents and the origin of life.
Nature Reviews, Microbiology 6, 806-814. 6

- Russell, M.J. 2008,
On the emergence and early evolution of life.
Nova Acta Leopoldina, 96, 45-52.

- Russell, M.J., Allen, J.F., Milner-White, E.J. 2008,
Inorganic complexes enabled the onset of life and oxygenic photosynthesis.
In Energy from the Sun: 14th International Congress on Photosynthesis, J.F. Allen, E. Gantt, J.H. Golbeck, B. Osmond (editors). Springer. 1193-1198.

- Milner-White, E.J., Russell, M.J. 2008,
Predicting peptide and protein conformations in early evolution.
Biology Direct 3, 3: doi:10.1186/1745-6150-3-3

- Russell, M.J. 2007,
The alkaline solution to the emergence of life: Energy, entropy and early evolution.
Acta Biotheoretica, 55, 133-179, Erratum at:- DOI 10.1007/s10441-007-9018-5

- Martin, W., Russell M.J. 2007,
On the origin of biochemistry at an alkaline hydrothermal vent.
Philosophical Transactions, Royal Society of London (Ser.B) 362, 1887-1925

- Baaske, P., Weinert, F., Duhr, S., Lemke, K., Russell, M.J. & Braun, D. 2007,
Extreme accumulation of nucleotides in simulated hydrothermal pore systems.
Proceeding National Academy Science, USA, 104, 9346-9351.

- Russell, M.J. 2007,
Der heiße Ursprung des Lebens.
Spektrum der Wissenschaft, January 2007, 73-81.

- Russell, M.J. 2006,
First life.
American Scientist, 94, 32-39.

- Russell, M.J. & Hall, A.J., 2006,
The onset and early evolution of life.
in Kesler, S.E., and Ohmoto, H., eds., Evolution of Early Earth’s Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, and Biosphere—Constraints from Ore Deposits, Geological Society of America, Memoir 198, p. 1-32, doi:10.1130/2006.1198(01). (Invited paper).

- Russell, M. J., Hall, A. J., Boyce, A. J., & Fallick, A. E. (2005).
100th Anniversary Special Paper: On Hydrothermal Convection Systems and the Emergence of Life.
Economic Geology, 100(3), 419-438.

- Edwards, H.G.M., Moody, C.D., Newton, E.M., Jorge Villar, S.E., Russell, M.J. (2005).
Raman spectroscopic analysis of cyanobacterial colonization of hydromagnesite, a putative martian extremophile.
Icarus 175 (2005) 372–381

- Milner-White, E.J., and Russell, M.J., 2005,
Sites for phosphates and iron-sulfur thiolates in the first membranes: 3 to 6 residue anion-binding motifs (nests):
Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, v. 35, 19-27.

- Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J., Fallick, A.E., Boyce, A.J., 2005,
On hydrothermal convection systems and the emergence of life.
Economic Geology, 100, 419-438.

- Russell, M.J. and Arndt, N.T., 2005.
Geodynamic and metabolic cycles in the Hadean.
Biogeosciences 2, 97-111.

- Russell, M.J., and Martin, W., 2004.
The rocky roots of the acetyl coenzyme-A pathway.
Trends in Biochemical Science, 24, 358-363.

- Martin, W. and Russell, M.J. 2003,
On the origin of cells: An hypothesis for the evolutionary transitions from abiotic geochemistry to chemoautorophic prokaryotes, and from prokaryotes to nucleated cells.
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 358B, 27-85.

- Russell, M.J. 2003.
On the importance of being alkaline.
Science 302, 580-581.

- Russell, M.J. 2003.
Origin and evolution of life: clues from ore deposits.
Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. 112, B177-178.

- Boyce, A.J., Little, C.T.S. & Russell, M.J. 2003,
A new fossil vent biota in the Ballynoe barite deposit, Silvermines, Ireland: Evidence for intracratonic sea-floor hydrothermal activity about 352 Ma.
Economic Geology, 98, 649-656.

- Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J. and Mellersh, A.R. 2003,
On the dissipation of thermal and chemical energies on the early Earth:
The onsets of hydrothermal convection, chemiosmosis, genetically regulated metabolism and oxygenic photosynthesis,
in "Natural and Laboratory-Simulated Thermal Geochemical Processes" R. Ikan ed. Dordrecht, Kluwer Academic Publishers pp. 325-388.

- Russell, M.J. 2003,
How did life begin?
New Scientist, 14th June, 33-34.

- Blakeman, R.J., Ashton, J.H., Boyce, A.J., Fallick, A.E. & Russell, M.J. 2002,
Timing of interplay between hydrothermal and surface fluids in the Navan Zn+Pb deposit, Ireland:
Evidence from metal distribution trends, mineral textures and 34S analyses.
Economic Geology, 97, 73-91.

- Russell, M.J. & Hall, A.J. 2002,
From geochemistry to biochemistry: chemiosmotic coupling and transition element clusters in the onset of life and photosynthesis.
The Geochemical News no. 113/October: 6–12.

- Fallick, A.E., Ashton, J.H., Boyce, A.J., Ellam, R.M. & Russell, M.J. 2001,
Bacteria were responsible for the magnitude of the world-class hydrothermal base-metal orebody at Navan, Ireland.
Economic Geology, 96, 885-890.

- Russell, M. J., Hall, A. J., Rahman, L., & Turner, D. (2001, May).
Abiotic organic syntheses in deep submarine, alkaline hydrothermal systems catalysed by Fe0, mackinawite, violarite and green rust.
In Eleventh Annual VM Goldschmidt Conference.

- Zedef. V., Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J. and Fallick, A.E., 2000.
Genesis of Vein-Stockwork and Sedimentary Magnesite and Hydromagnesite Deposits in the Ultramafic Terranes of Southwestern Turkey: A Stable Isotope Study.
Economic Geology, 95, 429-446.

- Russell, M.J., Ingham, J.K., Zedef, V., Maktav, D., Sunar, F., Hall, A.J. & Fallick, A.E. 1999.
Search for signs of ancient life on Mars: Expectations from hydromagnesite microbialites, Salda Lake, Turkey.
J.Geol.Soc.Lond., 156, 869-888.

- Russell, M.J. & Hall, A.J. 1999.
On the inevitable emergence of life on Mars.
In: J.A. Hiscox (ed) Proc. 1st UK Conference Search for Life on Mars. British Interplanetary Society, 26-36.

- Russell, M.J., Daia, D.E. & Hall, A.J. 1998.
The emergence of life from FeS bubbles at alkaline hot springs in an acid ocean.
In: Thermophiles: The keys to molecular evolution and the origin of life?
J. Wiegel & M.W. Adams, eds, Taylor and Francis, London and Philadelphia, 77-126.

- Anderson, I.K., Ashton, J.H., Boyce, A.J., Fallick, A.E. & Russell, M.J. 1998,
Ore depositional processes in the Navan Zn+Pb deposit, Ireland.
Economic Geology, 93, 535-563.

- Russell, M.J. & Hall, A.J. 1997,
The emergence of life from iron monosulphide bubbles at a submarine hydrothermal redox and pH front.
J. Geol. Soc. Lond., 154, 377-402.

- Duller, P.R., Gallagher, M.J., Hall, A.J. & Russell, M.J. 1997.
Glendinning deposit - an example of turbidite-hosted arsenic-antimony-gold mineralization in the Southern uplands, Scotland.
Trans. Instn Min. Metall. 106, 118-133.

- Russell, M.J., 1996. Page 55 in discussion of Shock, E. L. (1996).
Hydrothermal systems as environments for the emergence of life. Evolution of hydrothermal ecosystems on Earth (and Mars), 202, 40-60. (Prediction of off-ridge hydrothermal springs).

- Russell, M.J., 1996.
The generation at hot springs of ores, microbialites and life.
Ore Geology Reviews, 10, 199-214.

- Russell, M.J. 1996.
Life from the depths.
Science Spectra, 1, no. 4, 26-31.

- Russell, M.J. 1995.
Hot water and the emergence of life.
Open University Geological Society Journal. 16, no. 2, 9-11.

- Smythe, D.K., Russell, M.J. & Skuse, A.G. 1995.
Intra-continental rifting inferred from the major late Carboniferous quartz-dolerite dyke swarm of NW Europe.
Scott. J. Geol., 31, 151-162.

- Lewis, H., Couples, G.D. & Russell, M.J. 1995.
Characterization of fluid-flow systems for Irish lead-zinc deposits — contributions from mass balance.
Trans. Instn Min. Metal. (Sect. B: Appl. earth sci.) 104, B145-155.

- Russell, M.J., Couples, G.D. & Lewis, H. 1995.
SEDEX genesis and super-deep boreholes: Can hydrostatic pressures exist down to the brittle-ductile boundary?
In: Mineral deposits: From their origin to their environmental impact. J. Pasava B., Kribek & K. Zak eds, A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, pp 315-318.

- Russell, M.J. & Hall, A.J. 1995.
The emergence of life at hot springs: A basis for understanding the relationships between organics and mineral deposits.
In: Mineral deposits: From their origin to their environmental impact. J. Pasava, B. Kribek & K. Zak eds, Balkema, Rotterdam, 793-796.

- Macleod, G., Mckeown, C., Hall, A.J. & Russell, M.J. 1994.
Hydrothermal and oceanic pH conditions at 4Ga relevant to the origin of life.
Origins of life and evolution of the Biosphere. 24, 19-41.

- Kaschke, M., Russell, M.J. & Cole, W.J. 1994
[FeS/FeS2]. A redox system for the origin of life.
Origins of life and evolution of the Biosphere 24, 43-56.

- Boyce, A. J., Fallick, A.E., Fletcher, T.J., Russell, M.J., & Ashton, J. (1994).
Detailed sulphur isotope studies of Lower Palaeozoic-hosted pyrite below the giant Navan Zn+ Pb mine, Ireland: evidence of mass transport of crustal S to a sediment-hosted deposit.
Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 109-110.

- Cole, J.W., Kaschke, M., Sherringham, J., Curry, G.B., Turner, D. & Russell, M.J. 1994.
Can amino acids be synthesised by H2S in anoxic lakes?
Marine Chemistry 45, 243-256.

- Russell, M.J., Daniel, R.M., Hall, A.J. & Sherringham, J. 1994.
A hydrothermally precipitated catalytic iron sulphide membrane as a first step toward life.
Journal of Molecular Evolution 39, 231-243

- Russell, M.J., Daniel, R.M. & Hall, A.J. 1993.
On the emergence of life via catalytic iron sulphide membranes.
Terra Nova 5, 343-347.

- Brydie, J.R., Fallick, A.E., Ilich, M., Maliotis, G. & Russell, M.J. 1993
Stable isotope study of magnesite deposits in Akamas area, northwest Cyprus.
Trans. Instn Min. Metal. (Sect. B: Appl. earth sci.) 102, 50-53.

- Boyce, A.J., Fletcher, T.J., Fallick, A.E., Ashton, J. & Russell, M.J. 1993.
Petrographic and delta34S study of lower Palaeozoic rocks under the Navan Zn+Pb deposits.
In: Current Research in Geology Applied to Ore Deposits, P. Fenoll et al. eds, Proc. 2nd Biennial SGA Meeting, Granada, 53-56.

- Russell, M.J. 1993.
The origin of minerals and life at hot springs.
Annual Review 1993 Irish Association for Economic Geology. 20-23.

- Russell, M.J. 1992
Mining, metallurgy and the origin of life.
Minerals Industry International/IMM Bull no. 1009, 4-8

- Russell, M.J. and Haszeldine, R.S. 1992.
Accounting for geofractures.
In: The Irish Minerals Industry - 1980-1990. A.A. Bowden, G. Earls, P.G. O'Connor & J.F. Pyne (editors).
Irish Association of Economic Geologists, Dublin, 135-142.

- Russell, M.J. 1992.
Plate tectonics and hydrothermal ore deposits.
In: Understanding the Earth (2nd Ed.). C.G. Brown, C.J. Hawkesworth & R.C.L. Wilson (editors).
Cambridge University Press. 204-221.

- Banks, D.A. & Russell, M.J. 1992.
Fluid mixing during ore deposition at the Tynagh base-metal deposit, Ireland.
European Journal of Mineralogy, 4, 921-931.

- Cairns-Smith, A.G., Hall, A.J. & Russell, M.J. 1992.
Mineral theories of the origin of life and an iron sulphide example.
Origins of life and evolution of the Biosphere, 22, 161-180.

- Mohamad, D.B., Mackenzie, A.B., Stephens, W.E. & Russell, M.J. 1992
Exploration methods for nuclear waste repositories or mineral deposits---from source to sink, where's the front?
Trans. Instn Min. Metall. (Sect. B: Appl. earth sci), 101,139-146.

- Russell, M.J. & Skauli, H. 1991.
A history of theoretical developments in carbonate-hosted base metal deposits and a new tri-level enthalpy classification.
Economic Geology: Monograph. 8, 96-116.

- Fallick, A.E. Ilich, M. & Russell, M.J. 1991.
A stable isotope study of the magnesite deposits associated with the Alpine-type ultramafic rocks of Yugoslavia.
Economic Geology, 86, 847-861.

- Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J., & Gize, A.P. 1990.
Pyrite and the origin of life.
Nature 344, 387.

- Pattrick, R.A.D., & Russell, M.J. 1989.
Sulphur isotopic investigation of Lower Carboniferous vein deposits of the British Isles.
Mineralium Deposita, 24, p.148-153.

- Anderson, I.K., Andrew, C.J., Ashton, J.H., Boyce, A.J., Caulfield, J.B.D. Fallick, A.E. & Russell, M.J. 1989.
Preliminary sulphur isotope data of diagenetic and vein sulphides in the Lower Palaeozoic strata of Ireland and Southern Scotland:
implications for Zn+Pb+Ba mineralization.
Journal of the Geological Society of London, 146, 715-720.

- Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J., & Turner, D. 1989.
In vitro growth of iron sulphide chimneys: possible culture chambers for origin-of-life experiments.
Terra Nova, 1, p.238-241.

- Russell, M.J. & Hall, J. 1988.
Mechanics of downward permeation of water in crystalline rock, with application to problems of geothermal energy extraction.
Trans. Inst. Min. Metall. (Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), 97, p.B51-56.

- Russell, M.J., Hall, A.J., Cairns-Smith, A.G., and Braterman, P.S. 1988.
Submarine hot springs and the origin of life,
Nature, 336, p.117.

- Hays, S.J., Hall, G., Simmons, J., & Russell, M.J. 1988.
Sealed microcracks in the Lewisian of NW Scotland: a record of 2 billion years of fluid circulation.
Geol. Soc. London, 145, p.145, p.819-830.

- Russell, M.J. 1988.
A model for the genesis of sediment-hosted exhalative (SEDEX) ore deposits.
Proc. Seventh IAGOD Symposium. Zachrisson, E. ed., Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuch handlung, p. 59-66.

- Russell, M.J. 1988.
A model for the genesis of sediment-hosted exhalative (SEDEX) ore deposits.
In Proceedings of the seventh quadrennial IAGOD symposium held in Lulea, Sweden. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart pp. 59-66.

- Russell, M.J. 1988.
Chimneys, chemical gardens and feldspar horizons+pyrrhotine in some SEDEX deposits: aspects of alkaline environments of deposition.
Proc. seventh IAGOD Symposium. Zachrisson, E. ed., Schweizerbartsche Verlagsbuch handlung, p.183-190.

- Haszeldine, R.S. and Russell, M.J. 1987.
The Late Carboniferous northern North Atlantic Ocean: implications for hydrocarbon exploration from Britain to the Artic.
In: Petroleum Geology of North West Europe. Graham and Trotman, p.1163-1175.

- Mills, H., Halliday, A.N., Ashton, J.H., Anderson, I.K. & Russell, M.J. 1987.
Origin of a giant orebody at Navan, Ireland.
Nature, 327, 223-225.

- Samson, I.M. & Russell, M.J. 1987.
Genesis of the Silvermines zinc-lead-barite deposit, Ireland: fluid inclusion and stable isotope evidence.
Econ. Geol., 82, 371-394.

- Russell, M.J., Allison, I. Anderton, R. & Hall, A.J. 1986.
Metamorphic Limestones of the Great Glen Area: Comments.
Scott. J. Geol., 22, 137-139.

- Russell, M.J. 1986.
Search and research for Britain's Geological Resources.
British Geologist, 12/2. 50-51.

- Russell, M.J. 1986.
Extension and convection: a genetic model for the Irish Carboniferous base metal and barite deposits.
In: Geology and Genesis of Mineral Deposits in Ireland, eds. C.J. Andrew, et al. Irish Association for Economic Geology, 545-554.

- Russell, M.J. 1986.
Reflections on the genesis of the Irish Carboniferous lead + zinc + baryte deposits.
In: Geology in the Real World - the Kingsley Dunham Volume, eds. R.W. Nesbitt and I. Nichol. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 375-386.

- Russell, M.J. & Allison, I. 1985.
Agalmatolite and the maturity of sandstones of the Appin and Argyll groups and Eriboll sandstone.
Scott. J. Geol., 21, 513-545.

- Allison, I. & Russell, M.J. 1985.
Anhydrite discovered in the Fucoid Beds of Northwest Scotland.
J. Sedimentary Research, 55, 917-918.

- Russell, M.J. 1985.
The evolution of the Scottish Mineral sub-province,
Scott. J. Geol., 21, 513-545.

- Russell, M.J. 1985.
Comment on 'Ore genesis by episodic dewatering of sedimentary basins: application to giant Proterozoic lead-zinc deposits' by F. J. Sawkins.
Geology, 13, 318.

- Russell, M.J., Hall. A.J., Willan, R.C.R., Allison, I., Anderton, R. & Bowes, G. 1984.
On the origin of the Aberfeldy celsian+baryte+base metal deposit, Scotland.
In: Prospecting in Areas of Glaciated Terrain. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 159-170.

- Gray, G.J. and Russell, M.J. 1984.
Regional Mn-Fe lithogeochemistry of the Lower Carboniferous Waulsortian 'Reef' Limestone in Ireland.
In: Prospecting in Areas of Glaciated Terrain, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 57-68.

- Russell, M.J. & Smythe, D.K. 1983.
On the origin of the Oslo Graben in relation to the Hercynian-Alleghenian Orogeny and Lithospheric rifting in the North Atlantic.
Tectonophysics, 94, 457-472.

- Boyce, A.J., Anderton, R. & Russell, M.J. 1983.
Rapid subsidence and Early Carboniferous base-metal mineralization in Ireland.
Trans. Instn Min. Metall, (Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), 92, B55-66.

- Jassim, R.Z., Patrick, R.A.D. & Russell, M.J. 1983.
On the origin of the silver+copper+cobalt+baryte mineralization of the Ochil Hills, Scotland: a sulphur isotope study.
Trans. Instn Min. Metall.(Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), 92, B213-216.

- Patrick, R.A.D., Coleman, M.L. & Russell, M.J. 1983.
Sulphur isotopic investigation of vein lead-zinc mineralization at Tyndrum, Scotland.
Mineralium Deposita, 18, 477-485.

- Russell, M.J. 1983.
Major sediment-hosted zinc + lead deposits: formation from hydrothermal convection cells that deepen during crustal extension.
Short Course in sediment-hosted stratiform lead-zinc deposits. Mineralogical Association of Canada, Short Course Handbook, vol. 8, 251-282.

- Boyce, A.J., Coleman, M.L. & Russell, M.J. 1983.
Formation of fossil hydrothermal chimneys and mounds from Silvermines, Ireland.
Nature, 306, 545-550.

- Russell, M.J., Boyce, A.J., Larter, R.C.L. & Samson, I.M. 1982.
The significance of hydrothermal pyrite chimneys in the Silvermines Deposit.
In: The origins of the Irish lead-zinc deposits. eds. Brown, A. Irish Association for Economic Geology, 171-172.

- Russell, M.J., Solomon, M. & Walshe, J.L. 1981.
The genesis of sediment-hosted, exhalative zinc + lead desposits.
Mineralium Deposita, 16, 113-127.

- Larter, R.C.L., Boyce, A.J. & Russell, M.J. 1981.
Hydrothermal pyrite chimneys from the Ballynoe Baryte deposit, Silvermines, County Tipperary, Ireland.
Mineralium Deposita, 16, 309-318.

- Russell, M.J., Solomon, M. & Walshe, J.L. 1981.
Mechanisms of sulphide deposition in sediment-hosted exhalative lead+zinc deposits. Bureau of Mineral Resources,
Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 6, 329-330.

- Samson, I.M. & Russell, M.J. 1981.
Fluid inclusion data from the Silvermines Zn+Pb+BaSO4 deposits, Ireland: a preliminary note.
Trans. Instn Min. Metall.,(Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), 92, B67-71.

- Russell, M. J., & Smythe, D. K. 1981.
Metalliferous resources associated with rifting: the proto North Atlantic example.
LPI Contributions, 457, 184-187.

- Russell, M.J. 1979.
Geofracture controls of Mississipian base-metal mineralization in Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
In: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Basement Tectonics. eds. Podwysocki, M.H. and Earle, J.L. Basement Tectonics Committee Inc. 445-450.

- Russell, M.J. and Smythe, D.K. 1978.
Evidence for an early Permian oceanic rift in the northern North Atlantic.
In: Petrology and Geochemistry of Continental Rifts. eds. Neumann, E-R, and Ramberg, I.B. Reidel Publishing Co. 173-179.

- Russell, M.J. 1978.
Mineralization in a fractured craton.
In: Crustal Evolution in Northwestern Britain and Adjacent Region., eds. Bowes, D.R. and Leake, B.E. Geological Journal Special Issue No.10, 297-308.

- Russell, M.J. 1978.
Downward-excavating hydrothermal cells and Irish-type ore deposits: importance of an underlying thick Caledonian
Prism. Trans. Instn Min. Metall., (Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), 89, B168-171.

- Smythe, D.K., Kenolty, N. & Russell, M.J. 1978.
Seismic evidence for Mesozoic sedimentary troughs on the Hebridean continental margin.
Nature, 276, 420.

- Russell, M.J. 1976.
Incipient plate separation and possible related mineralization in lands bordering the North Atlantic.
In: Metallogeny and Plate Tectonics, ed. Strong, D.F. Geological Association of Canada, Special paper 14, 339-349.

- Russell, M.J. 1976.
A possible Lower Permian age for the onset of ocean floor spreading in the northern North Atlantic.
Scott. J. Geol., 12, 315-323.

- Russell, M.J. 1975.
Lithogeochemical environment of the Tynagh base-metal deposit, Ireland, and its bearing on ore deposition.
Trans. Instn Min. Metall., (Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), 84, B128-133.

- Russell, M.J. 1974.
Manganese halo surrounding the Tynagh ore deposit, Ireland: a preliminary note.
Trans. Instn Min. Metall., (Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), 83, B65-66.

- Russell, M.J. 1974.
Metals and oil flow between developing and developed countries.
In: The Third World, eds. Stirling, and Kelley, E. 6-11.

- Russell, M.J. and Jantaranipa, W. 1974.
Geochemical indications of an ancient lead smelter site at Eccles near Thornhill.
Trans. J. Proc. Dumfries and Galloway Nat. Hist. Antiq. S., 49, 7-11.

- Russell, M.J. 1973.
Base-metal mineralization in Ireland and Scotland and the formation of Rockall Trough.
In: Implications of Continental Drift to the Earth Sciences, eds. Tarling, D H and Runcorn, S.K. Academic Press, London, vol. 1, 581-597.

- Russell, M.J. 1972.
North-south geofractures in Scotland and Ireland.
Scott. J. Geol, 8. 75-84.

- Russell, M.J. 1972.
Base-metal prospecting in Scotland - theory and method.
Proc. Soc. Analyt. Chem., 9, 154-6.

- Russell, M.J. 1972.
World mineral resources, prospects for the future.
Universitas, 2, 80-101.

- Russell, M.J. & Burgess, A.S. 1969.
Tectonic comparison of North Atlantic and Middle East Rifting.
Nature, 222, 1056-7.

- Russell, M.J. 1968.
Structural controls of base-metal mineralization in Ireland in relation to continental drift.
Trans. Instn Min. Metall., (Appl. Earth Sci.: sect B), B77, 117-28, B78, 127-131.

Main ongoing collaborations

Wolfgang Nitschke, (CNRS, Marseille/France),
electron sinks, nitrogen oxide reduction, green rust and the ineluctable requirement of molybdenum at the emergence of life.

Isik Kanik, Kevin Hand, Laurie Barge, Steve Vance, Takazo Shibuya, Richard Kidd, JPL,
astrobiology/icy worlds, reactor and membrane experiments, methane/methyl sulfide synthesis/analysis and (hydro)magnesite microbialites

Elbert Branscomb (Institute for Genomic Biology, UIUC, Champaign-Urbana, IL, USA)
Disequilibria, free energy conversion, nanoengines

James Milner-White (Glasgow University, UK),
peptide/inorganic cluster interactions

Dieter Braun, Center for Nanoscience, Ludwig Maximilians University Munich, Germany,
How to create a Darwinian RNA machine from Monomers in a Hydrothermal Trap

Main invited lectures and lecture tours

2014 NASA Nationwide with Dr Mike Russell,

2014 Keynote address, Goldschmidt conference 2014, Serpentinization and Life

2014 Linus Pauling Memorial Lecture, Portland

2013 The Search for the Origin of Life, Montana PBS Film

2013 III International Conference, Emergence in Chemical Systems. Anchorage, June

2013 Engines of Life: Thermodynamic Pathways to Metabolism; Beyond Center for Fundamental Concepts in Science, Arizona State University,

2013 Origins of Life through Serpentinization, SETI Institute

2012 Opening Presentation, Energy transduction and genome function – an evolutionary synthesis, Royal Society London

2012 Fourth Annual Ljungdahl Lecture, University of Georgia, Athens

2012 Serpentinization: the engine that drove the onset of denitrifying methanotrophic acetogenesis at the emergence of life.
AGU Annual Meeting: Invited.

2012 University of Illinois

2012 Presentation to Space Studies Board, The National Academies: Serpentinization and the Beating of the Acetyl Coenzyme-A Pathway to the Origin of life.

2011 Foundational Questions Institute (FQXi) Setting Time Aright, Bergen, Norway

2011 Royal Swedish Academy, Origin of Life and Molecular Evolution, Stockholm, Sweden

2010 Astrobiology speaker and workshop participant, Lund University, Sweden

2010 Panel member, World Science Festival, New York

2010 National Center for Biotechnology, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland

2010 Centro de Astrobiologia, CSIC-INTA, Madrid, Spain

2010 ABSCICON 2010, Organosynthesis in hydrothermal vent environments, and panel member at ABSCICON

2010 Keynote address, University of Durham, UK, Compartmentalization in the Origin of Life,

2010 Invited presentation, NAI workshop, Dating early events in earth History, UCLA, March

2010 Plenary talk, IEEE Aerospace Conference, Big Sky, Montana, March

2009 Opening lecture, University Louisville, DARWIN 2009

2009 TEDx lecture, Hollywood, LA, “Art and Science”.

2008 Gordon Conference “Molecular Basis of Microbial One-Carbon Metabolism”, Maine

2008 International Year of Planet Earth, invited lectures in Dublin and Kilkenny

2008 Santa Fe Institute workshop, “Compartmentation, phase separation and the origin of life.”

2008 The Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life, NRC Washington

2008 USC Viterbi School of Engineering, “How life began in our water world.”

2008 American Chemical Society, 235th meeting, Chemical Evolution, New Orleans

2008 Gordon Conference “Origin of Life”, Ventura

2008 Bennett Lecture, University of Leicester 50th anniversary

2008 CosmoCaixa Science Museum in Barcelona “The Beautiful Story of the Cosmos”.

2007 Plenary Lecture, "Biosphere Origin and Evolution”, Greece

2007 Invited lecture, 14th International congress of Photosynthesis, Glasgow, Scotland

2007 Invited lecture, Carnegie Institute, Washington

2007 Invited lecture, Emergence of Life, Max Planck Institute, Jena, Germany

2007 Invited lecture, Emergence of life – Los Alamos

2007 Invited lecture, Origin of life and oxygenic photosynthesis, UC Berkley

2006 Keynote address, Goldschmidt Conference, Abiotic-biotic transition, Melbourne, Australia

2006 Invited lecture, Santa Fe Institute, Origin of life, USA

2006 Opening lecture, Lecture series – University of Bremen, Origin and Evolution of Life

2006 Keynote address, Life in the Universe, IMA, Kolbe, Japan

2006 Invited lectures, Origin of life, University of Uppsala, Stockholm

2006 Invited Lecture, Early Evolution, Leopoldina Symposium, Bremen, Germany

2006 Invited lectures, NORDITA Astrobiology, Kittila, Finland

2005 Invited lectures, Origin of life, Chemical Physics, Earth Science, Caltech

2005 Opening Lecture, Origins and evolution of cells, Queen Mary College, London

2005 Opening Lecture, Astrobiology, NORDITA, Copenhagen

2005 Keynote address, Mineral Deposits Study Group, Ireland

2004 Invited lecture to Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, USA

2004 Invited lectures, Astrobiology, UCL

2004 Invited lectures to ETH Zurich & LM University, Munich

2004 Invited lectures to CNRS Marseille, Grenoble & Paris Sud

2004 Invited lectures to Macquarie University Astrobiology & University of Tasmania

2004 Opening Lecture, Gordon Conference, Metals and Evolution, Maine, USA

2004 EGU, COSPAR, Paris, Hydrothermal Reactors and the Origin of Life

2003 Invited lectures, University of Arizona at Tempe and Tucson

2003 Keynote speaker, Fermor Conference, University of Wales

2003 British Association invited lecture

2002 Royal Society of Chemistry AGM invited lecture "Astrochemistry of life"

2002 The Kongsberg Seminar, Norway, invited lecture

2002 Invited lecture, University of Bergen

2001 Earth System Processes, GSA/GSL, Edinburgh, Convenor/speaker

2001 Invited lecture, Goldschmidt 2001, Mineral catalysts in organic synthesis, Virginia,

2001 British Association invited lecture

2001 Invited lecture ACS, Carbon dioxide in biogeochemistry, USA

2000 Invited Lecture, EMBO Symposium on Microbial Evolution.

2000 Convener/Lecturer, Goldschmidt Conference, Origin of Life, Oxford

1999 NASA Ames Research Center, Origin of Life/Exploring for Fossil Life on Mars.

1999 Invited lecture, Gordon Conference, Metals in Biology, Ventura, California.

1999 Invited Lecture, De La Beche Club, The Origin of Life.

1998 Invited lecture, GEOSCIENCE98, Life on other planets and the early Earth?

1998 Invited Lecture, Royal Astronomical Society, Planets outside the Solar System.

1998 Invited lecture, Life on Mars, British Interplanetary Society.

1997 Keynote Address, Giant Orebodies, Neves-Corvo Conference, University of Lisbon

1997 SEG-GSA Symposium, "Ore Deposits Through Time", Salt Lake City,

1996 International workshop, CIBA Evolution of hydrothermal ecosystems….

1996 Keynote Address, Thermophiles: University of Georgia, USA.

1995 Invited lecture, Open University Geological Society Meeting

1995 Invited lecture, University of Granada, Biomineral Paterns & Materials Science

1995 Lecturer, University of Granada Summer School on Origin of Life

1994 Invited lecture, British Association Meeting.

1994 Keynote address, 12th Australian Geological Congress.

1995 Invited lecture, Open University Geological Society Meeting

1995 Invited lecture, University of Granada, Biomineral Paterns & Materials Science

1995 Lecturer, University of Granada Summer School on Origin of Life

1993 Invited lecture tour, Universities in New Zealand.

1993 Invited lecture, Washington University, St. Louis, USA.

1992 Invited lecture, British Association Meeting.

1992 Invited lecture, Scientific Committee for Oceanographic Research, Sweden,

1992 Invited lectures, The Jagielonian University, Krakow,

1991 Co-organiser and speaker, "The Inorganic-Organic Interface", Ross Priory, Scotland

1991 Invited lecture to Scientific Committee for Oceanographic Research, Oregon, USA.

1988 Invited lecturer, lead-zinc orebodies, University of Bilbao, Spain.

1988 Review Lecture, Economic Geology, Centennial meeting, Geol. Soc. America.

1988 Invited Senior Scientist, Sept-Oct. University of Oslo.

1989 Distinguished Lecturer, Institution of Mining & Metallurgy.

1989 Review Seminar, Mineral Deposit Models. Geological Society, London.

1987 Keynote Speaker, Mineral Deposit Research in the UK. GSL.

1987 Invited participant, Gordon Conference on Hydrothermal Geochemistry, USA

1986 Invited lecture, Earth Resource Research, Memorial University, Newfoundland.

1986 Visiting Lecture tour of North America, Society of Economic Geologists.

1986 Invited lecturer, Economic Geology Section, Geological Society of America A.G.M.

1986 Principal Lecturer, Institution of Geologists - A.G.M.

1986 Closing Address, VII Intern’l Assoc. on Genesis of Ore Deposits, Luleå, Sweden.

1984 Invited lecturer, 31st Inter Universities Geological Congress.

1983 Geological Association of Canada Short Course Lecturer,

1981 "Prominent Geologist's" Lecturer to Atlantic Geoscience Society of Canada and Lecture tour of the Maritime Provinces.

1980 Australian Academy of Sciences Lecturing Fund. A.N.U., C.S.I.R.O. Sydney, Adelaide, Townsville, Tasmania.

1980 Keynote Speaker, 4th Australian Geological Convention.

1977 Royal Norwegian Foreign Office Guest Lecturer, Universities in Norway.

1973 Invited lecturer, First Symposium, Metallogenesis & Plate Tectonics, Newfoundland.

1972 Invited lecturer, First Symposium on Implications of Continental Drift, Newcastle.

Recent grants

2015-2020 $8,000,000, Co-I, NASA: NAI “Icy Worlds” 2008-2012 (Science PI)

2013-2016 $375,000, JPL Research, Technology and development

2011-2013 $360,730, JPL Research, Technology and development

2008-2013 $7,500,000, Co-I, NASA: NAI “Icy Worlds” 2008-2012 (PI; Dr Isik Kanik)

2008-2010 $300,000, Co-I NASA ROSES Astrobiology “Experimental test of an autogenic theory of the origin and earliest evolution of life” (PI; Isik Kanik)

1996-1999 £142,157, NERC -GR3/09926 Origin of life, Final report rated excellent


2013 Lectures and talks to four schools in Portland

2010-12 lectures to USC and MSU geobiology course students

2009 TEDx lecture, Hollywood, LA, “Art and Science”.

2007 Discussions with Kansas teachers on teaching and evolution

1992-2006 Lectures to Edinburgh School of Art

2003 New Scientist

2000 BBC HORIZON. Life on Mars

1997 ITV Icon

1996 Radio Scotland, Ores in Scotland

1996 BBC 'Science Now', Origin of Life

1996 BBC 5, Night Moves

1996 BBC Scotland, The Usual Suspects

1995 Radio Scotland, The Oceans

1994 Radio Scotland, Origin of Mineral Deposits

1993 BBC HORIZON, on the Origin of Life

1993 Austrian TV, Origin of Life

1988 Radio Scotland debate with Prof Thomas Gold on The Deep Gas Hypothesis

1975 BBC News. Nuclear waste disposal

Also, Open University Tutor, Lectures to amateur societies and young people’s societies in Scotland, Numerous interviews with BBC and other radio stations

Main external committee and board membership

2012-2014 National Academies Standing Committee on Astrobiology and Planetary Sciences

2001-present Editorial Board of Astrobiology

1999 British National Space Centre - Panel Member: Exobiology, Extremophiles and Habitats

1992 Chairman, the NERC Review Committee, MSc Courses in Engineering Geology

1992 Chairman, the NERC Review Committee, Extractive Industries Partnership Scheme

1988-1992 Geological Sciences Research Grants & Training Awards Committee, the NERC

1988-present Professional Affairs Committee, Institution of Mining & Metallurgy

1988-1995 Editorial Board of the Institution of Mining & Metallurgy

1988-1989 Chairman. Scottish Branch of the Institution of Mining & Metallurgy

1982-1983 Scottish Universities Council on Entrance: Working Party on Geology

1974-1980 Editorial Board of the Institution of Mining & Metallurgy
Teaching Geochemistry, Metallogenesis, Plate Tectonics, Controversies in Geology, Origin of Life, Geochemical Exploration, Economic Geology Field Course, Mineral Exploration Fieldwork,

Brief Biography

Michael Russell began work in an East London chemical factory, improving nickel catalysts for hydrogenating phenols to cyclohexanols. A degree in geology, with organic chemistry and ancillary physics, led to prospecting for the same metal, along with copper and gold, in the Solomon Islands. While there he also investigated volcanic solfataras, acidic hydrothermal vents, sedimentary iron formations and gauged eruptive hazard; thence to British Columbia searching for molybdenum, the Yukon for silver, and then to PhD research into the genesis of zinc-lead ore deposits in Ireland. Here, in the mines, he and his students found 350 million year old hydrothermal chimneys, accompanying fossil worms and associated natural chemical gardens comprising metal sulfides. These experiences and discoveries – augmented by research into magnesite deposits and their alkaline hydrothermal feed sourced from serpentinized ophiolites in the Alps – formed the foundations to the submarine alkaline theory for the emergence of life.

Last update: April 23 2019
Page maintained by Mike Russell